By John S. Saul
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Extra info for A Difficult Road: The Transition to Socialism in Mozambique
8) Roemer here indicates his agreement with Marx on the question of ontological reductionism. In a physical sense individuals do, in terms of ‘matter’, comprise societies. However, what has been at issue in this chapter is whether such a physical claim entails the possibility of explanatory and predicate reductionism. It has been contended that these issues are, in principle, separable. Analytical Marxists – whether anti-reductionist in the sense of Wright, Levine, and Sober, or methodological individualists, in the sense of Elster, Roemer and Van Parijs – have all expressed a commitment to the micro-foundations approach.
1. SW 2. GC∗ ≥0, otherwise the capitalists would perform their own work. ∗ 3. GW maximises the gain to the working class, given SC∗ , otherwise the workers would adopt a different strategy. That is, the equilibrium outcome for coalition W is strategically stable. ∗ 4. GC∗ maximises the gain to the capitalists, given SW , otherwise coalition would adopt a different strategy. That is, the equilibrium outcome for the capitalists is strategically stable. 5L). 8 We know that the capitalists will be better off, relative to their disagreement point, if they can get the workers to work anything greater than half a day.
118) The phenomenon of multiple realisability therefore leads to the potential irreducibility of social types. Thus it may not be theoretically possible to explain a social type phenomenon in terms of individual actions. One example cited by Wright, Levine and Sober is the case of ﬁrm survival under capitalism. They suggest that for each token instance of economic survival we can identify a set of decisions made by individuals (with exogenously given beliefs, information and resources) that explains that instance of survival at a particular point in time.