A Handbook for Evidence-Based Juvenile Justice Systems by James C. Howell, Mark W. Lipsey, John J. Wilson

By James C. Howell, Mark W. Lipsey, John J. Wilson

This guide promotes a finished method based on evidence-based programming for juvenile justice platforms to undertake or increase their present method. the excellent process is supported strongly through the huge learn base that's now to be had. This method acknowledges, first, rather small share of the juveniles who firstly input the juvenile justice procedure will end up to be critical, violent, or persistent offenders, yet that staff debts for a wide percentage of the final quantity of delinquency. an immense portion of a complete evidence-based juvenile justice process, for this reason, is distinguishing those offenders from others and focusing realization and assets on that smaller crew. moment, a finished technique acknowledges that critical, violent, or continual delinquency emerges alongside developmental pathways that development from much less to extra critical profiles of offending. precedence needs to be given to interrupting those criminal careers by way of calibrating the extent of supervision and keep an eye on of the juveniles’ habit to their point of possibility. The 3rd significant portion of a finished technique, accordingly, is efficacious intervention courses which are in a position to decreasing the recidivism of these juveniles in danger for extra delinquency. the excellent technique for severe, Violent, and persistent Juvenile Offenders is an administrative framework that helps a continuum of companies that parallel the improvement of criminal careers. This framework emphasizes evidence-based programming in particular on recidivism relief, and helps protocols for constructing finished therapies that fit potent prone with criminal remedy wishes alongside the life-course of antisocial careers, as they stream from consumption onward, to probation, neighborhood courses, confinement, and reentry. Juvenile justice structures will take advantage of incorporation of a entire method as supplied within the instruction manual.

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Thus, prevention programs and JJ systems should first and foremost concern themselves with preventing the initiation and escalation of delinquency among children. RISK AND PROTECTIVE FACTORS FOR GIRLS It is clear that a small group of girls, just like boys, experience an early onset of disruptive behavior and their problem behavior shows a relatively stable pattern (Kroneman, Loeber, and Hipwell, 2004). It also is evident that there are more similarities in female and male delinquency careers than previously imagined (Borduin and Ronis, 2012; Wong, Slottboom, and Bijleveld, 2010).

Self-blame, negative thoughts about self) that can lead to internalizing behaviors and self-harm. , risky sexual behavior). In the family domain, important risk factors for girls are the quality of parent-child relationships, conflicts within the family, parental control, and family violence and having caregivers with a history of substance abuse or delinquency. In a comparison of brothers and sisters in a London study, Farrington and Painter (2004) found that socio-economic risk factors such as low social class, low family income, poor housing, and large family size predicted offending more strongly for sisters than for brothers.

Reducing risk while enhancing protection is the goal, although research is not as clear with respect to protective factors that should be targeted, that is, beyond the obvious ones such as good parental supervision and academic success. The transitions from elementary to middle school and from middle school to high school are propitious intervention points because the influence of positive family influences diminishes with each of these transitions. Gang involvement is intertwined with advancements in delinquent pathways, progressively in more serious and violent offenses.

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