By Yujiro Hayami, Masao Kikuchi
This precise case examine explores the dramatic financial and social alterations that the rice belt of Laguna Province has skilled within the final quarter-century. in addition to significant advances in rice know-how, expanding inhabitants strain, land reform courses, turning out to be infrastructure, and concrete monetary actions have sped up the velocity of switch. using a distinct information set outfitted from quite a few surveys from 1966 to 1997 in a regular Laguna village, the authors illustrate a development of socioeconomic improvement shared by way of irrigated rice components all through Asia.
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Extra resources for A Rice Village Saga: Three Decades of Green Revolution in the Philippines
We are not sure when ‘tractorization’ began. According to Randolph Barker et al. (1972), tractorization in the Philippines as well as in other Asian economies was promoted in the late 1950s by tariff exemption and subsidized credits towards tractor purchase by farmers via a World Bank loan, based on the popular misconception that the use of modern machinery was the basis of ‘agricultural modernization’. However, there were several advantages in the use of tractors in East Laguna Village. Those with floating wheels designed for moving on slippery soft mud in wet paddy fields could operate in deeplyflooded fields adjacent to Laguna de Bay, where even carabaos often got stuck.
Yet our approach is that of economists, applying standard economic logic even to the analysis of cultural and social phenomena, such as community norms and institutions, focusing on the influences of those factors on the village economy. Eleven Round Surveys Our analysis of East Laguna Village is based mainly on household surveys conducted eleven times during the three decades between 1966 and 1997. The first eight surveys and the eleventh survey covered all the households in the village, while the ninth and tenth surveys (in 1996 and 1997) covered only the households of farmers (farm operators) and excluded those of non-farmers.
The analysis of labour contracts in rice harvesting illustrates the case of complementarity between community and market in achieving efficient resource allocations. Chapter 8 derives the same conclusion from the analysis of product marketing. An important finding from the study of rice marketing in East Laguna Village is that small farmers are not necessarily passive agents to be exploited by traders. Many are active entrepreneurs involved in trading, and their participation makes the rice market highly competitive and efficient.