A to Z of Biologists by Lisa Yount

By Lisa Yount

A beneficial quantity within the extraordinary Scientists sequence, A to Z of Biologists makes use of the gadget of biography to be able to placed a human face on technological know-how - a mode that provides immediacy to the prose for the excessive schooler who may have an curiosity in pursuing a profession in biology. This finished survey positive factors greater than a hundred and eighty entries and 50 black-and-white pictures. each one profile makes a speciality of a specific biologist's study and contributions to the sector and his or her impact on scientists whose paintings undefined. Their lives and personalities are mentioned besides via incidents, quotations, and images. Culturally inclusive and spanning the entire diversity of biologists from precedent days to the current day, the entries on ladies and minority biologists specifically articulate a few of the hindrances that those biologists overcame within the means of achieving their objectives. This quantity is a perfect source for college kids and common readers attracted to the background of biology or the non-public lives of vital biologists.

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Later, however, he held that individuals could be considered to belong to different species if they could not mate with each other and produce offspring that in turn were able to bear young. Powerful Catholic theologians criticized Buffon’s books because he questioned churchsanctioned views of Earth’s past. For example, church leaders claimed that Earth was only 6,000 years old, but Buffon held that the correct figure was 75,000 years. He wrote that different kinds of rocks seemed to have come into existence at different times, rather than having appeared all at once as the biblical account of the Creation suggested.

He showed that, in many respects, the two groups are opposite. Plants need nitrogen as a nutrient, for example, whereas animals give off nitrogen-containing compounds in their waste. Animals exhale carbon dioxide gas in 31 their breath, and the leaves of plants absorb this same gas from the air. Conversely, animals take in oxygen when they breathe, while plants give off this gas. The result of these oppositions, Boussingault showed, is a series of cycles in which substances such as nitrogen and carbon dioxide pass repeatedly through plants, animals, and the nonliving environment.

They later had two sons. D. in 1962 and did postdoctoral research at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and in Germany. In 1968, Bishop joined the University of California at San Francisco (UCSF), where he has remained ever since. Two years later, he met HAROLD E. VARMUS, and the two decided to work together. They wanted to find out how certain viruses cause cancer in animals. One of these viruses existed in both a common form, which caused cancer in chickens, and an unusual form, which could not cause the disease.

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