By Michael Lynch
The second one version of this best-selling identify has been revised and up to date to mirror the desires of the present requirements. The identify charts China's outstanding and tumultuous improvement from the institution of the People's Republic in 1949 to Mao's dying in 1976. The publication examines the common social and monetary switch that resulted from the Communist revolution, together with the adjustments to agriculture, the five-year plans and the hundred-flowers crusade. It then is going directly to examine the explanations for the Cultural Revolution and its legacy. moreover the writer analyzes Mao's prestige as a political chief and his value within the household advancements of China from 1949 to seventy six. through the booklet, key dates, phrases and matters are highlighted, and ancient interpretations of key debates are defined. precis diagrams are integrated to consolidate wisdom and knowing of the interval, and exam-style questions and assistance for every exam board give you the chance to increase examination abilities.
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Additional info for Access To History. The People's Republic of China 1949-76
She suggests that, far from being intended as a liberalising measure, it was a deliberate manoeuvre by Mao to bring his critics into the open so that they could be easily exposed, identiﬁed and removed. In her words: ‘Few guessed that Mao was setting a trap, and that he was inviting people to speak out so that he could use what they said as an excuse to victimise them. ’ As Jung Chang sees it, the Hundred Flowers campaign was part of the movement towards a controlled society in which all expression of opinion had to meet the criteria of political correctness as deﬁned by Mao.
Key question Key ﬁgures What did the case of Gao Gang and Rao Rashi indicate about the nature of the terror? Gao Gang (1902–54) The CCP leader in Manchuria. Rao Rashi (1900–75) The CCP leader in Shandong. The Gao Gang and Rao Rashi affair 1954 The repression imposed on the nation at this stage has to be understood in relation to two developments that dominated the early years of the PRC: the Korean War (1950–3) and Mao’s ﬁrst Five-Year Plan (1952–6). The Korean struggle (see pages 28–33) placed huge additional burdens on the young Communist Republic and was used to justify the extension of state control.
The presence of party cadres checking on production targets meant that in many areas of industry there was what amounted to a large-scale conspiracy to adjust the ﬁgures so that they appeared as impressive as possible. Key question How far did the ﬁrst Five-Year Plan achieve its objectives? Key terms Mao’s early attempts to modernise the Chinese economy carried the stamp of Soviet inﬂuence. Impressed by the apparent success of Stalin’s Five-Year Plans in the USSR, Mao wanted the PRC to build on the same model.