By John E. Hobbs
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Extra resources for Applied Climatology. A Study of Atmospheric Resources
In both cases, however, cost would probably be prohibitive, additional use of fuel would be required, and there may be associated undesir able environmental effects (Pearman, 1977). Reactions in the stratosphere are of particular importance to global climate. The US National Research Council has estimated that if world-wide F-11 and F-12 production continues at the 1973 rates, there is a 95 per cent chance that stratospheric ozone amounts will be reduced by 2-20 per cent, most likely about 7 per cent.
Detection of imbalance of carbon dioxide, oxygen and water vapour, for example, implies imbalance in any natural cycle in the biosphere (Almqvist, 1974). We still need to know, however, what kind and amount of environmental stress derived from human activities might be tolerated by the climatic system before it responds with an important climatic change. We also need to know more about the possible dimensions of natural climatic variability, but are still a long way from understanding the complex interactions of the many physical processes that determine the evolution of climate.
6). Mt. Isa in Queensland, for example, produces a great deal of sulphur dioxide, vast numbers of very small sulphuric acid particles and relatively few giant particles. The pollution plume can be detected easily up to at least 500 km from Mt. Isa, at which point it is about 300 km wide. The numbers of particles seem to increase downwind, which is surprising. This may be explained by the fact that in the presence of water vapour and under the influence of sunlight the particles are formed by sulphur dioxide changing to sulphuric acid.