By Shin-ichi Nakano, Tetsukazu Yahara, Tohru Nakashizuka
This quantity examines the subject of neighborhood biodiversity conservation within the Asia-Pacific area, some of the most speedily altering parts on this planet. With a spotlight on aquatic structures, this publication bargains perception at the country of neighborhood biodiversity, demanding situations in administration and conservation of biodiversity, and newly built equipment for tracking biodiversity. furthermore, as the provider supplied by means of an atmosphere for people is interlinked with conservation, the ultimate half is devoted to comparing the socioeconomic point of environment prone, with designated connection with neighborhood biodiversity. In impact, all contributions supply info that's important for powerful conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. This paintings will curiosity all stakeholders in biodiversity conservation, together with coverage makers, NPOs, NGOs, environment-related industries, and biodiversity researchers, not just within the Asia-Pacific area, but in addition around the whole globe.
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Extra info for Aquatic Biodiversity Conservation and Ecosystem Services
There are two sturgeons (Chinese sturgeon A. sinensis and Dabry’s sturgeon A. dabryanus) and one paddlefish (Chinese paddlefish P. gladius) in the Yangtze River. Spawning migrations of the anadromous Chinese sturgeon were blocked by the Gezhouba Dam. The abundance of the species has greatly declined, despite the re-established spawning habitat below the Gezhouba Dam (Wei et al. 1997). Recent evidence suggests that P. gladius are on the verge of extinction or possibly extinct (Wei 2009; Dudgeon 2011): a 3 year hydroacoustic and fisheries survey of the upper Yangtze failed to detect any P.
2007). The sluice gates blocked interchanges of fishes in the river-lake ecosystem. The fish fauna was formed under the conditions of rivers 2 Status of Freshwater Fish Biodiversity in the Yangtze River Basin, China 21 on the plain as the base. Its development is closely related to the periodic flood and many river-communication lakes distributed on it. Firstly, most fish species have the habit of spawning in running water, laying drifting eggs. The hatched fries enter lakes to live and nourish as they drift with the current.
Land reclamation not only destroyed the spawning ground of some resident fish species but also affected the size of recruit population and ultimately resulted in the decline of catch (Fu et al. 2003; Huang et al. 2013). Water Diversion With northern China quickly developing, the water deficiency problem in the area is urgent. The government is promoting a plan to divert water to the north area from the Yangtze River basin. It would be the biggest water diversion project in the world. The project has been stalled for decades, but initiating construction was a key component of China’s 10th Five-Year plan (2001–2005).