By Andrea De Vita MD, W. Ben Kibler MD, FACSM (auth.), Giovanni Di Giacomo, Nicole Pouliart, Alberto Costantini, Andrea De Vita (eds.)
The goal of this Atlas is to concentration the reader's consciousness on a sequence of bone, ligament, muscle and tendon buildings and ultrastructures that experience now not thus far been mentioned other than within the most modern overseas literature and in expert journals. This Atlas additionally provides tremendous high-definition photos of "targeted" sections got from cadavers preserved utilizing cutting-edge techniques.
The authors' goal is to provide the shoulder anatomy in a brand new and unique method and, utilizing an easy yet committed descriptive language, to aid the reader comprehend the complexity of clinical study, highlighting the significance of integrating anatomical, biomechanical and neurophysiological knowledge.
The textual content is meant as a supplement to the newest and present anatomical experiences in clinical learn, bringing out the significance of these miniscule buildings to which distinctive and transparent mechanical and neurological roles at the moment are being attributed.
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Additional info for Atlas of Functional Shoulder Anatomy
9b). The muscle is active in internal rotation against resistance. In flexion, the clavicular portion is involved to some degree with the anterior part of the deltoid muscle, while the lower fibres are antagonistic. This muscle is also a powerful adductor of the glenohumeral joint and works indirectly as a depressor of the lateral angle of the scapula . The pectoralis major and the latissimus dorsi muscles work together to provide glenohumeral stability of the shoulder and good arm movement.
Speer KP, Garrett WE, Jr (1993) Muscular control of motion and stability about the pectoral girdle. In: Matsen FA III, Fu FH, Hawkins RJ (eds) The shoulder: a balance of mobility and stability. American Academy of Orthopedic Surgery, Rosemont, Ill, pp 159-172 16. Bagg SD, Forrest WJ (1986) Electromyographic study of the scapular rotators during arm abduction in the scapular plane. Am J Phys Med 65:111-124 17. Inman VT, Saunders JB, Abbott LC (1944) Observations on the function of the shoulder joint.
Associated fractures of the clavicle and upper ribs and injury to the brachial plexus must be carefully sought owing to the significant amount of trauma required to cause a type VI injury). The mechanism is thought to be severe hyperabduction and external rotation of the arm, combined with retraction of the scapula. The distal clavicle is found in two orientations, either subacromial or subcoracoid. With the subcoracoid dislocation, the clavicle becomes lodged behind the intact conjoined tendon.