Attention in Cognitive Systems. Theories and Systems from an by Robert Lowe, Carlos Herrera, Anthony Morse, Tom Ziemke

By Robert Lowe, Carlos Herrera, Anthony Morse, Tom Ziemke (auth.), Lucas Paletta, Erich Rome (eds.)

Attentionhasbeenrepresentingacorescienti?ctopicinthedesignofAI-enabled platforms in the final a long time. this present day, within the ongoing debate, layout, and c- putationalmodelingofarti?cialcognitivesystems,attentionhasgainedacentral place as a spotlight of analysis. for example, attentional tools are thought of in investigating the interfacing of sensory and cognitive details processing, for the association of behaviors, and for the knowledge of person and social cognition in re?ection of baby improvement. Whilevisualcognitionplaysacentralroleinhumanperception,?ndingsfrom neuroscience and experimental psychology have supplied robust proof approximately theperception-actionnatureofcognition.Theembodiednatureofsensory-motor intelligence calls for a continual and targeted interaction among the keep watch over of motor actions and the translation of suggestions from perceptual modalities. choice making concerning the collection of info from the incoming sensory circulation – in track with contextual processing on a present activity and an agent’s worldwide goals – turns into an additional not easy factor in attentional regulate. awareness needs to function at interfaces among bottom-up pushed international int- pretation and top-down pushed details choice, therefore performing at the middle of arti?cial cognitive platforms. those insights have already caused adjustments in AI-related disciplines, akin to the layout of behavior-based robotic keep watch over and the computational modeling of animats. at the present time, the improvement of permitting technologiessuch as self sustaining robot systems,miniaturizedmobile–evenwearable–sensors,andambientintelligence structures consists of the real-time research of huge amounts of information. those info must be processed in an clever method to offer “on time supply” of the mandatory proper details. wisdom should be utilized approximately what should be attended to, and whilst, and what to do in a significant series, in correspondence with visible feedback.

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Extra info for Attention in Cognitive Systems. Theories and Systems from an Interdisciplinary Viewpoint: 4th International Workshop on Attention in Cognitive Systems, WAPCV 2007 Hyderabad, India, January 8, 2007 Revised Selected Papers

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Neural Networks 19(9), 1408–1421 (2006) 18. : Rapid development of feature binding in visual short-term memory. Psychological Science 17(9), 781–787 (2006) 19. : Rationality in Animals? Oxford University Press, Oxford (2006) 20. : Through Reasoning to Cognitive Machines. IEEE Journal Special Issue on Cognition 2(3), 12–24 (2007) 21. : Neural processing of emotional faces requires attention. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99, 11458–11463 (2002) 22. : Neural correlates of change detection and change blindness in working memory.

This relates closely to the meaning of the pronoun ‘I’ and to the difficult question: to whom does ‘I’ refer? The Role of Attention in Creating a Cognitive System 35 It does not refer to the person I see in my mirror when I shave or wash my face or comb my hair. No list of attributes of this ‘I’ could be error-free, since they could always have been set up, without my knowledge, by mischievous friends. For example my friends could have replaced the image of my face in my mirror by that of someone else altogether.

The hippocampus is thought to be able to support such short memory chains, especially since this will be no longer than about a second, and will likely be shorter. This two-component mechanism (‘I’ activity followed by content activity) begins to capture the temporal flow of activity of the encoded material from working memory buffer sites, as contained in the CODAM approach to consciousness outlined earlier. Playback of the encoded material involving in the hippocampus will be of the temporally correct sequence to allow initially for the recreation of the experience of the pre-reflective self in the appropriately encoded corollary discharge buffers and shortly thereafter the experience of the content in working memory buffers and their associated bound lower-level sites for giving the details of that content in terms of object/spatial and lower order feature map encodings.

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