Biodiversity Hotspots: Distribution and Protection of by Russell A. Mittermeier, Will R. Turner, Frank W. Larsen,

By Russell A. Mittermeier, Will R. Turner, Frank W. Larsen, Thomas M. Brooks (auth.), Frank E. Zachos, Jan Christian Habel (eds.)

Biodiversity and its conservation are one of the major worldwide subject matters in technology and politics and maybe the significant problem for the current and coming generations. This publication written via foreign specialists from diverse disciplines contains normal chapters on variety and its size, human affects on biodiversity hotspots on an international scale, human variety itself and numerous geographic areas showing excessive degrees of variety. The parts lined variety from genetics and taxonomy to evolutionary biology, biogeography and the social sciences. as well as the vintage hotspots within the tropics, the ebook additionally highlights a variety of different ecosystems harbouring specific species groups together with coral reefs and the Southern Ocean. The process taken considers, yet isn't really restricted to, the unique hotspot definition sensu stricto and provides a bankruptcy introducing the thirty fifth hotspot, the forests of East Australia. whereas, because of a bias in facts availability, the vast majority of contributions on specific taxa take care of vertebrates and vegetation, a few additionally take care of the less-studied invertebrates. This ebook may be crucial analyzing for an individual concerned with biodiversity, quite researchers and practitioners within the fields of conservation biology, ecology and evolution.

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1 Introduction There are many different reasons for nature conservation varying from aesthetic admiration, spiritual awe and scientific curiosity to the tremendous socio-economic benefits provided by functioning ecosystems and their biodiversity (Turner et al. 2007). In the past, protected areas have often been established in an ad hoc manner motivated by lobby groups, politics or simply opportunity. Therefore, conservation efforts often concentrated on remote areas where no conflict of interest occurred, whereas ecosystems with value for commercial uses were overlooked (Chape et al.

Megadiversity countries). The conventions have quite different viewpoints on the issue of representativeness. While the World Heritage Convention was not established to include representativeness in the beginning (Magin and Chape 2004), the Ramsar Convention mentions the importance of representative wetland types (Ramsar Convention Secretariat 2006). The CBD recognises the value of ecologically representative systems of protected areas at national and regional levels. It also puts forward the much debated 10% target for the conservation of the world’s ecological regions (decisions VII/28 and VII/30).

It is thus crucial to clearly state the rationale for area selection in a transparent manner. This chapter systematically describes and compares the underlying assumptions and criteria of the present approaches with the aim to assist well-founded decision-making in nature conservation at national and international levels. 1). These approaches are largely based on ecological selection criteria and can be grouped into three main categories: proactive, reactive and representative (Brooks et al. 2006).

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